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each和every的区别:词性功能上的异同讲解

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2018-08-30

each和every的区别:1. each既可用作形容词,又可用作代词,在句中可以作定语,主语、宾语、同位语、状语等。例如:

1.Each student has his own dictionary . (形容词,定语)

2.Each has his good point . (代词,主语)

3.Our headteacher had a talk with each of us . (代词,宾语)

4.The students each have a desk . (代词,同位语,不影响谓语动词的单复数)

5.The children can have a bag each . (副词,状语)

二. each与every都可用作形容词,在句中作定语,但each更强调个人或个别,every更强调全体或全部。比较:

I know each member of your family .

我认识你们家的每个成员。

I know every member of your family .

我认识你们家的每个成员。

三. each指两个或两个以上的人或事物中的“每个”;every是指许多人或事物的“全体”,与all的意思相近。试译:

这条街上每边都有很多商店。

[误]There are many shops on every side of the street .

[正]There are many shops on each side of the street .

我给她父母每人一件礼物。

[误]I gave a present to every one of her parents .

[正]I gave a present to each of her parents .

四. each 单独作主语或each、every修饰的单数名词作主语时,谓语动词为单数形式,但each of them作主语时,谓语动词用单数或复数形式都可以。例如:

Each / Each person / Every person is living a happy life now .

人人都过着幸福生活。

Each of them are / is wearing full dress .

他们个个都身着盛装。

五. every可以与not连用构成部分否定,意思是“并不/非人人”,而each则不可以与not连用。全部否定是no one ,意思是“个个都不”、“没有人”等。例如:

Each / Everyone / Every one of them doesn't like the TV play . 并非人人都喜欢电视剧 部分否定

No one likes the TV play . 完全否定

六. each和every的区别: 表示“每隔……”、“每……”,要用“every+基数词+复数名词”。这种结构中的every不能用each替代。例如:

They'll choose one out of every ten girls .

We hand in our homework every three days .

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