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反意疑问句概念例句及练习

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2018-10-07

一.概念

反意疑问句是附加在陈述句之后,对陈述句所表示的事实或观点提出疑问的句子.附加疑问实际上是一种简略的一般疑问句.

二.相关知识点精讲

1.反意疑问句的结构:陈述句(主语+谓语……),+助动词/情态动词/be动词+主语(代词形式)?

说明:陈述句部分如果是肯定句,反意疑问句,疑问句部分的助动词/情态动词/be动词+not (否定提问);如果陈述句部分是否定句,反意疑问句,疑问句部分用肯定式提问。

例句:

He is your teacher, isn't he?

People shouldn't drop litter on the pavements, should they?

You found the key in the bedroom, didn't you?

They have a house in town, haven't they? /don't they?

The boy has to clean his room, doesn't he?

I am right, aren't I?

They'd rather go by bus, wouldn't they?

You'd better change your wet skirt, hadn't you?

He'd like to join our discussion, wouldn't he?

She ought to see a doctor at once, shouldn't she? / oughtn't she?

I wish to say a few words, may I?

That's nice, isn't it?

This is the place, isn't it?

Everybody knows the answer, don't they?

Nothing is serious, isn't it?

There wasn't enough time at that moment, was there?

There used to a tower here, usedn't there? / didn't there?

What you need is more practice, isn't it?

2.某些特殊句型的反意疑问句:

1)祈使句的反意疑问句:

表示肯定意义的祈使句,即表示“请求,提示”它的反意疑问句用will you 表达:有时也可以用won't you 表示。

Go home now, will you?

Close the window, please, will you?

否定祈使句:以Don't开始的祈使句:表示“不要……”,用will you 提问:

Don't be late again, will you?

Don't forget to pay your income tax, will you?

Let's引导的祈使句表示“建议”,反意疑问句部分是:shall we ?

Let's go for a walk, shall we?

Let's have a rest now, shall we?

Let me 或 Let us引导的祈使句表示“请求”,反意疑问句部分为will you:

Let me have a try, will you?

Let us help, will you?

2) 感叹句的反意疑问句:一律用否定式提问。

What a clever boy, isn't he?

What a lovely day, isn't it?

3) 陈述句含有情态动词must有两种情况:

must表示“必须”,反意疑问句部分为mustn't…? / needn't…?

He must study hard at English, mustn't he? / needn't he?

You must go home now, needn't you? / mustn't you?

We mustn't be late, must we?

Must表示推测:“一定,肯定” 反意疑问句部分与must后面的动词呼应

You must be joking, aren't you?

He must be ill, isn't he ?

注意:用must对过去的动作推测时,反意疑问句部分的助动词用did或have, 而对过去的状态推测,反意疑问句部分的be动词用was:

She must have finished her work, hasn't she? / didn't she?

Jack must have arrived here yesterday, didn't he?

He must have been a policeman, wasn't he?

4) 陈述句中有否定副词:hardly; never; seldom; little; few; nowhere; nothing等词,反意疑问句部分用肯定提问:

Frank hardly goes to parties, does he?

He has few friends, has he?

5)复合句的反意疑问句:大多数复合句的反意疑问句都对主句提问:

He was punished because he violated the regulation, wasn't he?

You never told me that you had been ill, did you?

注意:I don't think/suppose/believe/imagine 引导的宾语从句,这种宾语从句的反意疑问句应与从句的主语,谓语部分一致,而且用肯定式的提问。

I don't suppose anyone will volunteer, will they?

I don't believe she has done it, has she?

I think he will come. Won't he?

三.巩固练习

1. It's a fine day, Let's go fishing, _____?

A. won't we B. will we C. don't we D. shall we

2. Frank is working late again. This is the first time this week he's had to study late, ____?

A. isn't he B. hasn't it C. hasn't he D. isn't it

3. —Daddy's forgot to post the letter again, ____?

—I'm afraid he ___.

A. has; has B. isn't; is C. hasn't; has D. has; hasn't

4. —Sorry, I'm not feeling well and I don't think I can finish.

—Don't worry. Let us do it for you, ____?

A. will you B. shall we C. shan't we D. shall you

5. I don't think he could have done such a stupid thing last night, ____?

A. do I B. could he C. did he D. has he

6. —The ground is wet.

—It must have rained last night,____ ?

A. hasn't it B. didn't it C. mustn't it D. isn't it

7. —Jenny doesn't think that Robert is honest, ___?

—I'm afraid not.

A. is he B. isn't he C. does she D. doesn't she

8. —The new windows need washing.

—Well, let's wash them together, ____?

A. shall we B. will you C. should we D. would you

9. There is little we can do about it, ____?

A. is there B. can't we C. isn't there D. can we

10. —The problem wasn't difficult for him, was it ?

—______. He should have been given a more difficult one.

A. No, it was B. Yes, it was C. Yes, it wasn't D. No, it wasn't

四.答案

DDCAC BCAAD

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