您现在的位置:主页 > 句法 > 疑问句 > 文章内容

疑问句语法讲解及例句

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2019-03-12

1. 疑问句的定义

疑问句的主要交际功能是提出问题,询问情况。分为一般疑问句、选择疑问句、特殊疑问句和反意疑问句。

2. 一般疑问句

一般疑问句通常用来询问一件事情是否属实。答句通常是"yes或no"。所以一般疑问句又称作"是非问句"。

一、由肯定的陈述句转化的一般疑问句。

Have you been living here? 你一直住在这儿吗?

Do you speak English? 你讲英语吗?

二、 否定的一般疑问句。

Can't he drive? 他不是会开车吗?

Can he not drive? 他不会开车吗?

Isn't Kate a student? 凯特难道不是学生吗?

Is Kate not a student? 凯特不是学生吗?

Hasn't the rain stopped yet? 难道雨还没有停吗?

Has the rain stopped yet? 雨还没停吗?

三、回答否定形式的一般疑问句的注意事项:

Isn't she very intelligent? 她难道不是很聪明吗?

Yes, she is. 是的,她很聪明。

Is he not a student? 他不是学生吗?

Yes, he is. 不,他是学生。(错误的答语:No, he is.)

小窍门:在回答的时候,只要把它当成没有加以否定形式的普通一般疑问句一样看待。

3. 选择疑问句

选择疑问句提出两个或两个以上可能的答案供对方选择。这类疑问句由两部分组成:(一般疑问句)供选择的第一个部分 + 供选择的另一个部分 + ?

Do you like to play football or basketball? 你喜欢踢足球还是打篮球?

Shall we walk, or shall we go by bus? 咱们步行去,还是乘公共汽车去?

注意:有的选择疑问句不能用"yes或no"回答。如:

Are you male or female? 你是男性还是女性?这时是不可能用"yes或no"回答的。

但是,以下则例外。

Shall we walk, or shall we go by bus? 咱们步行去,还是乘公共汽车去?

No, we shall go by taxi. 不,我们要打的。

4. 特殊疑问句

一、疑问词

疑问代词who, whom, whose, which, what

疑问副词when, where, why, how, how much, how many, how long, how old, how far, how big

二、疑问词 + 陈述句语序部分

疑问词作 主语

Who would like to go out for a walk? 谁要出去散步?

Which is mine? 哪一个是我的?

疑问词作定语修饰主语

Which book is yours? 哪一本书是你的?

Which one is suited for teaching? 哪一个适合教学?

三、 疑问词 + 一般疑问句语序部分

What do you read? 你阅读了什么书?

Which book do you want? 你要哪一本书?

How did you get here? 你是怎么到达这儿的?

When did you arrive? 你是什么时候到的?

Why did you do that? 你为什么做那事?

5. 反意疑问句

反意疑问句又叫附加疑问句,主要有两部分组成:陈述部分 + 疑问部分

主要有两种类型:

陈述部分(肯定) + 疑问部分(否定)

陈述部分(否定) + 疑问部分(肯定)

Its cold today, isn't it? 今天天气冷,不是吗?

He doesn't like it, does he? 他不喜欢,是吗?

少数情况:

祈使句部分(肯定)+ 疑问部分(肯定)

Let us go, will you? 让我们去吧,好吗?

6. 反意疑问句:代词

一、当陈述部分的主语是this, that, these, those时,疑问部分的主语分别用it和they。

This is important, isn't it? 这很重要,不是吗?

These aren't his books, are they? 这些不是他的书,对吧?

二、当陈述部分的主语是everything, something, anything, nothing时,疑问部分的主语采用it。

Everything is all right, isn't it? 一切正常,不是吗?

Nothing can stop us, can it? 没有什么可以阻挡我们,对吧?

三、当陈述部分的主语是everybody, everyone, somebody, someone, nobody, no one等合成代词时,疑问部分的主语要采用they,有时用he。

Everybody knows this, doesn't he/ don't they? 人人都知道这一点,不是吗?

Nobody phoned while I was out, did they? 我外出时没人打电话,对吧?

No one wants to go, do they? 没人想走,是吗?

7. 反意疑问句:there be

There won't be any concert this Saturday evening, will there?

这个星期六晚上没有音乐会,是吗?

There used to be a peach tree in the garden, wasn't there?

以前在花园里有一棵桃树,对吧?

8. 反意疑问句:助动词

一、 当陈述部分的谓语动词含有系动词,助动词,情态动词时,疑问部分重复这些动词。

He is a teacher, isn't? 他是教师,对吧?

You can solve the problem, can't you? 你能解决这个问题,不是吗?

二、当陈述部分的谓语动词含有had better, would rather, would like时,疑问部分相应的变化。

You'd better go now, hadn't you? 你最好现在就走,不是吗?

You'd rather go there early, wouldn't you? 你最好早些去那里,不是吗?

He'd like to go, wouldn't he? 他要走,是吗?

三、 当陈述部分的谓语动词含有have to, had to时,疑问部分用don't或didn't。

We have to get there at eight tomorrow, don't we?

明天我们必须8点到达那儿,不是吗?

They had to take the early train, didn't they? 他们要赶早班火车,不是吗?

9. 反意疑问句:must

一、 表示“必须”时,采用如下格式:Must, mustn't/ must, needn't

They must clean the floor after school, mustn't they?

They must clean the floor after school, needn't they?

放学后他们必须扫地,是不是?

二、表示“禁止”时,采用如下格式:Mustn't, May

They mustn't take the book out of the library, may they?

他们不能把书拿出图书馆,是吗?

三 、表示“准是”的意思时,采用:Must be, aren't

They must be playing football on the sports ground, aren't they?

他们准是在操场上踢足球,是不是?

You must have misheard, haven't you?

You must have misheard, didn't you?

你一定是听错了,是不是?

10. 反意疑问句:ought to

主干部分ought to, 附加部分shouldn't(美国用法)

主干部分ought to, 附加部分oughtn't(英国用法)

We ought to buy a new car, oughtn't we? (英国用法)

We ought to buy a new car, shouldn't we? (美国用法)

我们应该买辆新车,不是吗?

相关推荐

1. 疑问句的定义 疑问句的主要交际功能是提出问题,询问情况。分为一般疑问句、选择疑问句、特殊疑问句和反意疑问句。 2. 一般疑问句 一般疑问句通常用来询问一件事情是否属实。答句通常是yes或...[阅读全文]

一、反意疑问句的基本概念 表示问话人有一定看法,但不是完全肯定,需要对方证实;有时说话人还会用反意疑问句来加强陈述句的语气,并不要求对方回答。反意疑问句前面的陈述句部分用逗号和降调...[阅读全文]

上一篇:反意疑问句及练习 下一篇:没有了