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初中英语不规则变化动词大全

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2021-08-18

为了帮助同学们记住不规则动词,现在把教材中出现的不规则动词分为几个类型,每个类型中又分若干组,尽量找出每组中各词变化形式的共同点,以帮助记忆。

1. A---A---A型(现在式、过去式和过去分词同形)

动词原形(现在式) 过去式 过去分词

cost cost cost 花费

cut cut cut 割,切

hit hit hit 打

let let let 让

put put put 放下

read read read 读

hurt hurt hurt 伤

2. A---A---B型(现在式和过去式同形)

beat beat beaten 打

3. A---B---A型(现在式和过去分词同形)

come came come 来

become became become 变

run ran run 跑

4. A ---B ---B型

(1)在动词原形后加一个辅音字母d或t构成过去式或过去分词。

burn burnt burnt 燃烧

learn learned/learnt learned/learnt 学习

mean meant meant 意思

hear heard heard 听见

(2)把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母“d”改为“t” 构成过去式或过去分词。

build built built 建筑

lend lent lent 借给

lose lost lost 失去

send sent sent 送

spend spent spent 花费

(3)其他

pay paid paid 付

lay laid laid 下蛋

say said said 说

bring brought brought 带来

buy bought bought 买

think thought thought 想

sleep slept slept 睡

keep kept kept 保持

sweep swept swept 扫

stand stood stood 站

understand understood understood 明白

win won won 得胜

shine shone/shined shone/shined 发光

catch caught caught 抓住

teach taught taught 教

feel felt felt 觉得

fight fought fought 战斗

find found found 发现

get got got 得到

hang hanged/ hung hanged/ hung 绞死,挂

have had had 有

hold held held 盛,握

leave left left 离开

make made made 制造

meet met met 遇见

sell sold sold 卖

shoot shot shot 射击

tell told told 告诉

smell smelt/smelled smelt/smelled 嗅,闻

sit sat sat 坐

dig dug dug 挖

5. A---B---C型(现在式、过去式和过去分词都不相同)

(1)在动词原形后加-n或-en构成过去分词。

eat ate eaten 吃

fall fell fallen 落下

steal stole stolen 偷

give gave given 给

freeze froze frozen 冻结

take took taken 拿

see saw seen 看见

write wrote written 写

ride rode ridden 骑

drive drove driven 驾驶

throw threw thrown 抛,扔

blow blew blown 吹

grow grew grown 生长

know knew known 知道

fly flew flown 飞

draw drew drawn 拉,绘画

show showed shown 展示

(2)过去式加-n或-en构成过去分词。

speak spoke spoken 说话

break broke broken 破碎,折断

wake waked/ woke waked/ waken 醒

choose chose chosen 选择

forget forgot forgotten 忘记

(3)变单词在重读音节中的元音字母“i”分别为“a”(过去式)和“u”(过去分词)。

begin began begun 开始

ring rang rung 按铃

sing sang sung 唱

sink sank sunk 沉

swim swam swum 游泳

drink drank drunk 饮

(4)其他不规则动词的变化。

be(am, is) was/ were been 是

be(are) were been 是

do did done 做

go went gone 去

lie lay lain 躺

wear wore worn 穿 

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