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few、a few、little、a little的区别

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2016-06-28

few / a few用来修饰可数名词,few表示否定意义,没有,几乎没有;

他这里没朋友,他感觉寂寞。

He has few friends here, he feels lonely.

a few表示有肯定意思, 有几个。 例如:

There are a few eggs in the basket.篮子里有几个鸡蛋。

little / a little用来修饰不可数名词,little表示否定意思,没有,几乎没有。

a little 表示肯定意思,有一点儿。 例如:

There is little ink in my bottle, can you give me a

little ink?

我的瓶子里没有墨水了,你能给我点儿墨水吗?

[考考你]

1. My father has many

books, but he has_____ English books.

A. little B. a little C. few D.

a few Answer

2. The twins can speak only ___ French.

A. a few B.

few C. little D. a little Answer

[辩析]

1. few 与 little

形容词用,都表示“几乎没有”,相当于一个否定词。具体区别:

(1) few 后面跟复数可数名词。 e.g. few books few

students

(2) little 后面跟单数不可数名词。 e.g. little water little food

e.g. He

has few friends. 他没有几个朋友。

They has little money. 他们没有什麽钱

2. a few 与 a

little 都表示肯定的意思,指“有一点,有一些”。具体区别:

(1) a few 后加可数名词复数

(2)a little

后加不可数名词单数。

e.g. I'm going to buy a few bananas.

I can speak only a

little Chinese.

3. a little 与 little 也可以用作副词, 表示“有点”“稍稍” 表示“很少”

e.g.

----Can you speak English?

----Yes, but only a little.

This book is a

little more difficult than that one.

( 可修饰形容词比较级)

She slept little last

night. 昨天晚上,她没有怎么睡觉。

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