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each和every的用法区别

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2016-06-08

each与every都有“每个”的意思,但二者含义及语法功能不同,主要区别是:

1. each既可用作形容词,又可用作代词,在句中可以作定语,主语、宾语、同位语、状语等。

Each student has his own dictionary. (形容词,定语)

Each has hi s good point. (代词,主语)

Our head teacher had a talk with each of us. (代词,宾语)

The students each have a desk. (代词,同位语)

The children can have a bag each. (副词,状语)

 

2. each与every都可用作形容词,在句中作定语,但each更强调个人或个别,every更强调全体或全部。比较:

I know each number of your family.

I know every number of your family.

 

3. each指两个或两个以上的人或事物中的“每个”;every是指许多人或事物的“全体”,与all的意思相近。试译:

这条街上每边都有很多商店。

[误]There are many shops on every side of the street.

[正]There a re many shops on each side of the street.

我给她父母每人 一件礼物。

[误]I gave a present to every one of her parents.

[正]I gave a present to each of her parents.

 

4. 指上下文提到过的确定数目中的“每一个”时,要用each;如果上下文没有提及时,不能用each,要用everyone等。试译:

我认为这三个答案个个都正确。

[误]I think every answer of the three is right.

[正]I think each of the three answers is right.

我看见人人都忙着工作。

[误]I saw each was busy with his work.

[正]I saw everyone was busy with his work.

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