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advise doing 与 advise to do用法比较

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2021-08-15

请看下面这道题,该选哪个答案?是advise doing还是advise to do?

The husband advised _________ to the south, but his wife advised him _________ up the idea.

A. moving, giving B. to move, to give C. moving, to give D. to move, giving

【分析】此题容易误选A,因为许多学生都记住了“advise 后接动词要用动名词而不用不定式”这一搭配规则。但此“规则” 的表述是不准确的,准确的说法应该是:advise 后接动词作宾语时,要用动名词,不用不定式;但若其后接的动词前有宾语,此动词用作宾语补足语时,则此动词要用不定式。即说 advise doing sth (建议做某事)或 advise sb to do sth (建议某人做某事)。类似情况的还有 allow(允许),permit(允许),forbid(禁止)等动词,即:

allow doing sth 允许做某事,allow sb to do sth 允许某人做某事;

permit doing sth 允许做某事,permit sb to do sth 允许某人做某事;

forbid doing sth 禁止做某事,forbid sb to do sth 禁止某人做某事。

顺便说一句,要特别注意以上各句型后一结构的被动语态形式,如:

We don't allow smoking in the lab. 我们不准在实验室吸烟。

We don't allow people to smoke in the lab. 我们不准人们在实验室吸烟。

People are not allowed to smoke in the lab. 人们不准在实验室吸烟。

综上所述,此题答案应选C。

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