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So do I 与 So I do 的用法比较

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2020-04-19

1. 关于so do I的用法说明

So do I这一结构主要用来说明前面所说的情况也同样适用于后面的人或物,意为“……也一样”。该结构中的助动词 do 根据前文的情况也可换成 is, am, are, was, were, does, did, can, could 等。如:

He passed the exam, and so did I.

=He passed the exam, and I passed the exam, too.

=Both he and I passed the exam.

=He and I both passed the exam.

他通过了考试,我也通过了考试。/ 他和我都通过了考试。

又如:

They went to the zoo yesterday. So did we. 他们昨天去了动物园,我们也去了。

但是如果前面所述情况为否定式,则用neither, nor引出倒装句(此时不能用so)。如:

He couldn't do it, and neither could she. 他做不了这事,她也做不了。

He never comes late. Nor do I. 他从不迟到,我也从不迟到。

2. 关于so I do 的用法说明

So I do这类结构主要用于加强语气,其意为“的确如此、确实如此”,表示后者赞同前者的话或意见,只是进一步强调并重复前句所述的内容。前后句的主语指的是同一个人或物。该结构中的助动词 do 根据前文的情况也可换成 is, am, are, was, were, does, did, can, could 等。如:

—He has done a good job. 他干得不错。

—So he has. 他的确干得不错。

—He will speak at the meeting tomorrow. 他明天将在会上发言。

—So he will. 确实如此。

—He went to see his friend yesterday. 他昨天去看朋友了。

—So he did. 的确如此。

【即学即练】

1. —Will you go shopping tonight?

—If you go, ______.

A. so do I B. so will I C. so I go D. that I'll go

2. —I'll go there for a visit with my family during the long holiday of May.

—______.

A. So do I B. So I do C. So will I D. So I will

3. Your sister works very hard, and ______.

A. so you are B. so you do C. so are you D. so do you

4. —Do you think it will be cool tomorrow?

—______. It has been too hot for a week.

A. I hope so B. I'm afraid so C. So it is D. Of course not

5. —Would your younger brother go for a picnic this Sunday?

—If I don't go, ______.

A. so does he B. so he will C. neither will he D. neither does he

6. —John likes walking in the open air.

—______.

A. So do I B. Also do I C. I like also D. So I do

7. —I watched the TV programme last night.

—______.

A. So I do B. So I did C. So did I D. So do I

8. —She likes Chinese tea with nothing in it.

—______.

A. So she does B. So does she C. She does so D. So is it

9. —Last Sunday Fred went to Ann's birthday party.

—______. And ______.

A. So did he, so did I B. So he did, so I did

C. So did he, so I did D. So he did, so did I

10. —I have never visited a paper factory.

—______.

A. So have I B. So I have C. Neither have I D. I haven't nor

【答案解析】

1. B。根据会话语境可得知答句意为“如果你去购物的话,我也去”,应选B。

2. C。这里的主语虽然同是I,但根据上下文可确定它们不是指同一个人,故应用“so+助动词(be动词或情态动词)+主语”结构,再根据前句的时态可知答案应选C。

3. D。前面说明“你姐姐学习很努力”,后面说到“你”和她一样“也很努力”,应用“so+助动词(be动词或情态动词)+主语”结构。根据前一句可确定应用助动词do,故D为正确答案。

4. A。由后面一句可判断出说话者的态度。

5. C。答句的意思是“如果我不去,则他也不去”,表示的是否定情况,应用“neither+助动词(be动词或情态动词)+主语”的句式。另外,if条件从句是一般现在时,则主句应为一般将来时,故C为正确答案。

6. A。John与I是两个人,应用“so +助动词(be动词或情态动词)+主语”结构表示后者与前者情况相同。

7. C。两句的主语都是I,但说话的人不同,指的人也就不同,故应用“so +助动词(be动词或情态动词)+主语”结构。上句动词为watched,下句应用did。

8. A。下句中的she即指上句中的she,故应用“so +主语+助动词(be动词或情态动词)”结构表示“她的确如此”。

9. D。第一空的he指的是上文中的Fred,应用“so +主语+助动词(be动词或情态动词)”肯定对方所说的话;第二空的主语是I,故用“so +助动词(be动词或情态动词)+主语”表示“我也去参加了安的生日聚会”。

10. C。上句为否定情况,应用“neither +助动词(be动词或情态动词)+主语”表示“我也未曾参观过造纸厂”。

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