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This与That用法对比

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2019-03-04

1. this 表示“这”,指较近的人或物;that 表示“那”,指较远的人或物。如:

I want this book, not that book. 我要这本书,不是那本书。

This rope is longer than that one. 这根绳子比那根长。

2. 用来回指上文提到的事情时,两者都可以。如:

They're students, not teachers. You know this [that], of course. 他们是学生,不是老师,这点你当然清楚。

John had a bad cold. That [This] was why he didn't turn up. 约翰患了重感冒,这(那)就是他没有来的原因。

若要指下文叙述的事情,通常要用 this。如:

I want to know this: Is he healthy? 我想知道这一点:他是否很健康。

3. 在打电话时,通常用 this 指自己,用 that 指对方。如:

Hello. This is Jim. Is that John? 喂,我是吉姆,你是约翰吗?

但在美国英语中指对方时也可用 this。

4. 两者都可用作副词,与形容词或副词连用,其义为“这么”“那么”(=so)。如:

It isn't all that cold. 还没冷到那种程度。

I didn't realize she was that ill. 我没想到她病得那么重。

The book is about this thick. 那本书大约有这么厚。

I didn't think it would be this easy. 我没想到会这样容易。

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