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fool与foolish的用法

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2019-01-14

一、fool的用法

1. 用作名词,表示“傻子”,通常为可数名词。如:

I do feel a fool. 我的确觉得自己是个傻子。

但是,在be fool enough to do sth结构中,fool具有形容词的性质,不可数,其前不用冠词。如:

I was fool enough to believe him. 我竟然相信他,真够傻的。

He was fool enough to tell them everything. 他真傻,把一切事情都告诉他们了。

2. 用作动词,表示“愚弄”“欺骗”,总是及物的。如:

She fooled that man. 她骗了那个人。

要表示“欺骗某人做某事”,可用fool sb into doing sth,习惯上不说fool sb to do sth。如:

I was fooled into believing their promises. 我被骗得相信了他们的承诺。

 

二、foolish的用法

1. 比较同义句型:

It was foolish of her to say such a thing.=She was foolish to say such a thing. 她说出那样的话来,真是太蠢了。

He was foolish to leave his car unlocked.=He was so foolish as to leave his car unlocked. 他真傻,车都没有锁。

2. foolish, stupid, silly的区别:foolish指无头脑,缺乏常识或判断力,相当汉语的“愚蠢”;stupid指智力、理解力或学习能力很差,相当汉语的“笨”;silly指头脑简单,傻头傻脑或令人发笑,相当于汉语的“傻”。如:

She is a silly woman, but not a stupid one. 她是个头脑简单的女人,但不能算笨。

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