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一般过去时讲解和练习题

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2021-08-15

一般过去时态:表示过去某一时间所发生的动作或存在的状态。谓语动词要用一般过去式。经常与yesterday(昨天), last week(上周), last month(上个月), last year(去年), two months ago(两个月前), the day before yesterday(前天),in 1990 (在1990年), in those days (在那些日子里)等表示过去的时间状语连用。

如: I was born in 1990. (我出生在1990年)。

When did you go to the park? (你是什么时候去的公园)。

I went to the park last week. (我是上周去的公园)

在上面的句子中第一句属于be动词的一般过去时态;第二句和第三句属于实义动词的一般过去时态。

1. Be 动词的一般过去时态

在没有实义动词的句子中使用be动词, am is 的过去式为was; are的过去式为were.

构成:肯定句:主语+was (were) +宾语

如:I was late yesterday. (昨天我迟到了。)

否定句:主语+was (were) +not+宾语

如:We weren't late yesterday. (我们昨天没迟到)

疑问句:Was (Were) +主语+宾语

如: Were you ill yesterday? (你昨天病了吗?)

肯定回答: Yes, I was. (是的,我病了。)

否定句: No, I wasn't. (不,我没病。)

特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词+was (were) +主语+宾语

如:When were you born? 你是什么时候出生的?

2. 实义动词的一般过去时态

肯定句要使用动词的过去式,否定句和疑问句要使用助动词do和 does 的过去式 did.

肯定句为:主语+动词过去式+宾语

如: I went home at nine o'clock yesterday.(我昨天九点钟回的家。)

否定句:主语+didn't +动词原形+宾语

如:I didn't go home yesterday. (我昨天没回家。)

疑问句:Did +主语+动词原形+宾语

如: Did you go home yesterday? (你昨天回家了吗?)

肯定回答: Yes, I did. (是的,我回了。)

否定回答:No, I didn't. (不,我没回家。)

一般过去时练习题

一、单项选择: 从下列各题后所给的四个选项中选择最佳答案填空。(10)

( )1. My father______ill yesterday.

A. isn't B. aren't C. wasn't D. weren't

( )2. ______your parents at home last week﹖

A. Is B. Was C. Are D. Were

( )3. The twins______in Dalian last year. They______here now.

A. are; were B. were; are C. was; are D. were; was

( )4. ______your father at work the day_____yesterday(前天)﹖

A. Was; before B. Is; before C. Was; after D. Is; after

( )5. —Who was on duty last Friday﹖

—______.

A. I am B. I was C. Yes, I was D. No, I wasn't

二、请用正确动词形式填空。(10)

1. I _________ (have) an exciting party last weekend.

2. _________ she _________(practice) her guitar yesterday? No, she _________.

3. What ________ Tom ________ (do) on Saturday evening?

He ________(watch) TV and __________(read) an interesting book.

4. They all _________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning.

5. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend.

She ________ (stay) at home and _________(do) some cleaning.

三、翻译下列句子(20)

1. 我过了一个忙碌但却刺激的周末。

I _________ _________ __________ __________ exciting weekend.

2. Jenny喜欢看书。昨晚她看了一本英语书。

Jenny likes _________ __________. She _________ an English book last night.

3. Emma每天都看电视。可是昨天他没有看。

Emma__________ TV every day. But he _________ ________ ________ yesterday.

4. 上周六他们做什么了?他们做作业和购物了。

What ________ they _________ _________ Saturday?

They _________ __________ homework and _________ __________.

5. 今天早上方方得做饭,因为他父亲不在家。

This morning Fangfang ____ ____ ____ ____ because his father _____ _____ ____ yesterday.

四、改写句子:(20)

1、Lucy did her homework at home.(改否定句)Lucy ________ _______ her homework at home.

2、He found some meat in the fridge(冰箱).(变一般疑问句)

___________ he __________ ___________ meat in the fridge?

3、There was some orange in the cup.(变一般疑问句)_______ there _______ orange in the cup?

4. Frank read an interesting book about history. (一般疑问句)

_______ Frank _______ an interesting book about history?

5. Why not go out for a walk? (同义句) _______ ________ ________ out for a walk?

五、 改错题(20)

1.How is Jane yesterday? _____________________

2.He go to school by bus last week. ____________________________

3.He often goes home at 6:00 last month. ____________________________

4.I can fly kites seven years ago. ______________________________

5.Did you saw him just now. ____________________________________

六、完形填空(10)

Tom did not like doing his homework,because he liked to do some 1 things after school.And his teacher always 2 a lot of mistakes in his homework.

Then one day,his maths teacher 3 at Tom's homework and saw that he got all his answers right.He was very 4 and surprised(惊奇).The next morning before class,he called Tom 5 his desk and 6 to him,“You got all your homework right this time.Did your father help you?”Sometimes Tom's father helped him with his homework, 7 this time he didn't help Tom because he 8 at home.So Tom answered,“NO,Sir.He Was busy last night,so I 9 to do it 10 .”

( )1.A.others B.another C.the other D.other

( )2.A.made B.found C.looked at D.looked

( )3.A.laughed B.knocked C.looked D.saw

( )4.A.please B.pleased C.pleasure D.sad

( )5.A.to B.for C.in D.at

( )6.A.talked B.asked C.spoke D.said

( )7.A.and B.but C.so D.or

( )8.A.isn't B.won't be C.wasn't D.can't be

( )9.A.wanted B.mustn't C.liked D.had

( )10.A.itself B.of them C.myself D.himself

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