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过去完成时had done结构常见句型

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2016-07-18

过去完成时表示“过去的过去”发生的动作或存在的状态,因此其对比点是过去的动作或状态(大部分情况下以一般过去时did/was/were结构做比较)。为了同学们掌握方便,现就将其常见句型总结如下:

1.“By the end of +名词(短语),主语 + had done…”

例如:By the end of the day, most of the inhabitants had left their homes.(到这一天,大部分居民已离开他们的家园。)

2.“主句(had done), before + 过去时间状语 ”

例如:They had never seen so many of the locusts before.(他们以前从未见过如此多的蝗虫)

I had reached the station before six o'clock.

(六点之前我已到达车站。)

3. “用在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句,表示动作发生在这些动词之前。”

例如:She said that she had never been to Paris.(她说她从未去过巴黎。)

4.“By the time + 从句(did/was/were), 主语 + had done…”

例如:By the time we arrived, everyone had received medical care.(我们到达时,每个人已接受了医疗护理。)

5.“主语 +had done…, before 从句(did/was/were)”

例如:Fortunately, the population had left the village before the volcano erupted.(幸运的是,火山喷发前人们已离开了村庄。)

6.“主语 +had done…, when 从句(did/was/were)”

例如:They had already put the fire out when I returned to the village.(当我返回村子时,人们已将大火扑灭。)

7.“主语 + (did/was/were), after 从句(had done)”

例如:The earthquake happened in the daytime after people had already left home for work or school.(地震发生在白天,当时人们已离开家去上班或上学。)

8.“用在 Hardly(scarcely, barely)…when…, No sooner…than…句型中”

例如:Hardly had I got home when the rain poured down. (我刚到家大雨就倾盆而下。)

No sooner had he left home than it began to rain. (他一离开家天就下起雨来。)

9.“用在 It /This/That was the first…time + that 从句 (had done)中”

例如:It was the third time that he had made the same mistake. (这是他第三次犯同样的错误了。)

10.“用在It was/had been + 一段时间 + since 从句 (had done)中”

例如:It was ten years since we had had such a wonderful time.(十年我们都没这麽高兴了。)

11.“hope, plan, mean, expect, intend, suppose, want, think 等动词有时用过去完成时表示一个本来打算做而未做,曾经设想而未实现的事。”

例如:They had wanted to help but could not get here in time. (他们本想来帮忙,但未及时赶到。)

I had thought that he had died at least twenty years ago. (我原以为他至少死了十年。)

I had intended to come over to see you, but was prevented from doing so. (我原打算过来看你,但受阻未成。)

12.“用于表示与过去事实相反的if 虚拟条件句中”

例如:If she had seen you yesterday, she would have told you the truth. (如果她昨天见过你,她已告诉你事实的真相。)

13.“用在 wish 后的宾语从句中,表示与过去事实相反。”

例如:I wished that he hadn't made such a mistake. (我希望他从未犯过这样的错误。)

以上是我们教材及练习题,高考题中常出现的过去完成时had done 结构基本句型的用法,希望对同学们彻底掌握这一时态有所帮助,我们可以在以后的学习中更加积累和完善。

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