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高中英语强调句型讲解

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2021-08-21

1. 陈述句的强调句

It is/ was + 被强调部分(通常是主语、宾语或状语)+ that/ who(当强调主语且主语指人)+ 其他部分。

例子 It was yesterday that he met Li Ping.

2. 一般疑问句的强调句型

同上,只是把is/ was提到it前面。

例子 Was it yesterday that he met Li Ping?

3. 特殊疑问句的强调句型

被强调部分(通常是疑问代词或疑问副词)+ is/ was + it + that/ who + 其他部分?

例子 When and where was it that you were born?

4.not … until … 句型的强调句

A. 句型为:It is/ was not until + 被强调部分 + that + 其他部分

普通句:He didn't go to bed until/ till his wife came back.

强调句:It was not until his wife came back that he went to bed.

B. 注意:

此句型只用until,不用till。但如果不是强调句型,till, until可通用;因为句型中It is/ was not ... 已经是否定句了,that后面的从句要用肯定句,切勿再用否定句了。

5.谓语动词的强调

A. It is/ was ... that ... 结构不能强调谓语,如果需要强调谓语时,用助动词do/ does或did

Do sit down. 务必请坐。

Do be careful when you cross the street. 过马路时,务必(千万)要小心啊!

B. 注意:

此种强调只用do/ does和did,没有别的形式;过去时用did,后面的谓语动词用原形。

强调形式

常见到的强调形式,共有以下七类:

⒈用do\does\did + V可表强调

Some people do believe that nuclear power poses a threat to the world peace.

⒉adv或adj可表强调:Never \ only\ Very

This is the very question that deserves careful analysis.

⒊双重否定可表强调

Taking part-time jobs is never without drawbacks.

⒋what引导的主从可表强调

What really matters is cooperation.

⒌倒装可表强调(凡是倒装都可以表示强调)

Little do people take into account the seriousness of this problem.

⒍比较状语从句可表强调

Nothing is more imperative than to learn from the past.

⒎强调句型可表强调

It is \was +被强调部份+ that \ who +原句剩余部份

It is stability that destroys people's ambition and barricades people's steps.

语法结构

强调句的十种结构:

1.用助动词“do(does/did)+动词原形”来表示强调:

Do write to me when you get there.你到那儿后务必给我来信。

2.用形容词very,only,single,such等修饰名词或形容词来加强语气:

How dare you buy such expensive jewels?你怎么敢买这么贵的宝石呢?

3.用ever,never,very,just等副词和badly,highly,really等带有-l y的副词来进行强调:

I really don't know what to do next.我的确不知道下一步该怎么做。

4.用in the world,on earth,at all等介词短语可以表达更强的语气(常用于疑问句):

Where in the world could he be?他到底会在哪儿?

5.用感叹句来表示强烈的感情,突出说话人的情感:

How interesting a story it is!这是一个多么有趣的故事啊!

6.用重复来表示强调:

Why!why!The cage is empty!啊!啊!箱子是空的。

7.用倒装句(也就是将要强调的句子或被强调的部分置于句首)来加强语气:

On the table were some flowers.桌上摆着一些花。(强调地点)

8.用强调句型:“It is(was)+被强调的部分+that(who)+原句其它部分”来强调说话人的意愿:

It was on Monday night that all this happened.所有这一切发生在周一晚上。

9.用If来表示强调:

1)If从句+I don't know who/what,etc.does/is/has,etc.

主语部分也可以用nobody does/is/has,etc.或everybody does/is/has,et c.来代替(这里的if从句往往是正话反说,反话正说):

If he can't do it,I don't know who can.要是他做不了这件事,我不知道还有谁能做。(强调只有他能做) If Jim is a coward,everybody is.要是吉姆是个胆小鬼,那么人人都是胆小鬼。(强调吉姆不是胆小鬼)

2)if从句+it be主句(此用法可看成是第8中强调句型的变形,即把所要强调的内容放在it be的后面,把其它内容放在由if引导的从句中):

If anyone knew the truth,it was Tom.如果说谁了解事实的真相,那便是汤姆。

10.用破折号、黑体字也可以表示强调,加强语气:

It's because of hard work—ten years of hard work.那是因为艰苦的工作--十年艰苦的工作!

He began the work in late May.他在五月底开始的这项工作。(强调时间)

注意事项

that后的强调句如果是原因状语从句,从句只能用because引导,不能用since,as或why。

It was because the water had risen that they could not cross the river。

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