您现在的位置:主页 > 句法 > 倒装句 > 文章内容

倒装句的种类

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2016-10-28

当主语在谓语前出现时叫顺序(the natural order)。在某些情况下,我们可以把谓语成分放在主语前面,这种词序叫做倒装( the inverted order)。

倒装分两种:配合语法条例的倒装,叫“grammatical inversion”;配合强调语势的叫“emphatic inversion”。

语法上的倒装句是强制性的,包括下列 7 种:

1、疑问句,如:

Can you do it?

How old are you?

When did you know him?

Why did you elect him as captain?

Which of these apples do you prefer?

但疑问代词做主语时,不必倒置,如:

Who is your English teacher?

What happened last night?

 

2、表示“愿望”的句子,如:

May God bless you.

Long live the king!

 

3、“There”引导的句子,如:

There are many cars on the road.

There stand some big trees near the river.

There is a security guard outside the bank.

 

4、感叹句,如:

How beautiful the flower is!

What a smart boy you are!

 

5、有连接词“so, neither, nor”的句子,如:

Tom can ride a bicycle; so can I.

She can't sing; neither can he.

John has never been late; nor have I.

 

6、省略连词“if”的条件副词分句,如:

Were I you, I would not do such a thing.

Should the machine break down again, send it back to us.

Had you worked harder, you would have passed.

 

7、“as, however”连接的让步副词分句,如:

Small as the pen is, it is a powerful weapon.

However busy you are, you should spend some time reading Zaobao weekly.

谈过了语法上的倒装句,现在谈强调的倒装句。

Never have I seen such a wicked man.

On no account must this employee be removed.

Not until he told me had I heard anything of it.

No sooner had I left than the rain came.

Up jumped the puppy.

In came John.

Down fell the rotten branches from the tree.

Out came a woman and her maid.

相关推荐

全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。此结构通常只用与一般现在时和 一般过去时。常见的结构有: 1) here, there, now, then, thus等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用be, come, go, lie...[阅读全文]

英语最基本的语序是主语在前,谓语动词在后。但有时由于句子结构的需要或表示强调,就要采用倒装形式。将谓语动词完全移到主语之前称为完全倒装,只将助动词或情态动词放到主语之前称为部分倒装...[阅读全文]