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形容词的比较级和最高级讲解

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2021-08-22

 英语中大多数形容词是可以分级的,一般有三个等级:原级,比较级和最高级。

 
原级
形容词的本来形式就是形容词的原级。用原级进行比较时可以使用下面两种结构:
1.       表示比较的双方相等,用”as…as”结构,表示“前者像后者一样”,即
A + be + as + 形容词原级 + as + B.
e.g.        John is as tall as his brother.
2.       表示比较的双方不相等,用”not as…as”结构,表示“前者不如后者”,即
A + be + not as + 形容词原级 + as + B.
       e.g.        John is not as tall as his brother.
 
比较级
当把一个人或物同另外一个人或物比较时,就需要用到形容词比较级。其结构是:
A + be + 形容词比较级 + than + B.
e.g.        Jackei is taller than Alex, but Alex is heavier than Jackei
 
最高级
三者或者三者以上的人或物进行比较时,需要使用形容词的最高级。其结构是:
A + be + the 形容词最高级 + of / in + 比较范围.  
(Note: 形容词最高级前面要加定冠词 the)
e.g.        Jackei is the tallest in our class.      or
              Jackei is the tallest of all the students.
 
形容词不同级别的变化
1.       规则形容词的变化

ID

 
构成方式
原级
比较级
最高级
1
一般情况,直接加词尾 –er 或者 –est
tall
young
taller
younger
tallest
youngest
2
以 e 结尾的,加 –r 或 –st
nice
large
nicer
larger
nicest
largest
3
以辅音字母+y 结尾的,把 y → i, 再加 –er 或 –est
happy
busy
happier
busier
happiest
busiest
4
以重读闭音节(辅元辅结构)结尾的,双写结尾的辅音字母,再加 –er 或 –est .
big
hot
thin
bigger
hotter
thinner
biggest
hottest
thinnest
5
双音节或多音节的形容词可以在形容词原级前直接加 more / less或most / least 构成形容词的比较级和最高级
useful
careful
difficult
expensive
more useful
more careful
more difficult
less expensive
most useful
most careful
most difficult
least expensive

 

 
2.       不规则形容词的变化

ID

 
原级
比较级
最高级
1
good
better
best
2
well
better
best
3
bad
worse
worst
4
many
more
most
5
much
more
most
6
little
less
least
7
far
farther , further
farthest , furthest
8
few
fewer
fewest
9
old
older , elder
oldest , eldest

 

 
补充

 

 
用于不可数名词
用于可数名词
表示多
much
more
the most
many
more
the most
表示少
little
less
the least
few
fewer
the fewest

 e.g.

1.       Have you got any chocolate?
I haven’t got much.
I’ve got more than you have.
I’ve got the most.
2.       Have you got any chocolate?
I’ve got very little.
I’ve got less than you have.
I’ve got the least.
3.       Have you made any mistakes?
I haven’t made many.
I’ve made more than you have.
I’ve made the most.
4.       Have you made any mistakes?
I’ve made very few.
I’ve made fewer than you have.
I’ve made the fewest.

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