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动名词否定形式not放在哪

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2021-03-19

名词的否定式是将否定词not置于动名词之前。若动名词为完成式或被动式,否定词not应置于整个结构之前。具体详解如下:

一、动名词一般式的否定式

动名词一般式的否定式是将否定词not置于动名词之前。例如:

Our problem is not having sufficient raw material.

我们的问题是原料不足。

His not coming made everyone present very disappointed.

他没来使在场的每个人都很失望。

Not being punctual makes him unreliable.

不准时使人觉得他不可靠。

Not being tall is not a serious disadvantage in life.

个子不高不是人生中的严重缺陷。

二、动名词完成式的否定式

若动名词为完成式,否定词not应置于整个结构之前。如:

Don't be angry with me for not having written.

我没给你写信请别生我的气。

Execuse me not having answered your letter before.

没有更早回信请原谅。

I apologize for not having kept my promise.

我没遵守诺言向你表示歉意。

三、动名词被动式的否定式

若动名词为被动式,否定词not应置于整个结构之前。如:

He doesn't like not being taken seriously.

他不喜欢被人不严肃对待。

As far as he's concerned.it's not doing something wrong that matters,but not being caught doing something wrong.

就他而论,重要的不是做错事,而是做错事不被抓住。

四、动名词复合结构的否定式

动名词复合结构带有逻辑主语,否定词应置于逻辑主语之后。如:

I'm surprised at your not having noticed.

你竟未注意到我感到吃惊。

I understand your not wanting to discuss the matter.

我理解你为什么不愿讨论这件事。

The trouble was their not being able to agree among themselves.

麻烦的是他们自己不能取得一致的意见。

Jenny's not having been trained as a dancer is her one regret.

杰妮没受过舞蹈的专业训练是她感到遗憾的事。

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