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near的用法以及是否后接介词to

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2019-01-14

1. 用作形容词,意为“临近的”;用作副词,意为“在附近”;用作介词,意为“在……附近”。如:

Christmas is getting near. 圣诞节快要到了。

They live quite near. 她们住得相当近。

Our school is near the river. 我们学校在河的附近。

2. 由于可同时用作介词和形容词,所以要表示“靠近某处”,其后可以连用介词 to, 也可以不用;从使用的具体情况来看,near之后不用to的情况居多;而nearer, nearest 之后用介词 to 的情况居多。如:

He stood near (to) the door. 他站在门附近。

Who lives nearest (to) the school? 谁家离学校最近?

I tried to get nearer (to) the fire. 我试图向火边靠近些。

Call me again nearer (to) the time of the meeting. 接近开会的时候再给我来个电话。

若用于引申用法,则通常带有介词to。如:

She was [came] near to tears. 她差点儿哭了。

由于其中的to是介词,所以后接动词时要用动名词。如:

She came near to crying. 她差点儿哭了。

I came very near to hitting him. 我差点要动手打他了。

这样用时动名词前的介词to有时也可以省略,但远不如保留to常见。

3. 用于near at hand,表示“即将到来”“在近旁”。如:

The meeting is near at hand. 会议即将开始。

I always keep my telephone near at hand. 我总是将手机放在随手可拿到的地方。

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