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并列连词和连词短语

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2018-09-01

并列连词用来连接平行的词、词组或从句。常见的连词有and ,but ,or ,so ,both…and , either…or ,neither…nor , not only… but also 等。

1. and

1).and 表示 “和、且”在肯定句中连接并列的成分。

He is laughing and talking .

2).祈使句+ and …… , “and” 表示“那么”之意。= If……

Study hard , and you will succeed .= If study hard , you will succeed .

2. but

表示转折关系的连词,意为“但是”

He is poor ,but honest .

3. or

1).or 有 “或”的意思,表示一种选择

Would you like tea or water ?

2). “祈使句……,or …” or 表示否则。= If …not …, ……. .

Study hard , or you will fail. = If you don't study hard , you will fail .

3).or 用在否定句中表示并列关系。

He can’t read or write .

4. both

1).both “两者都”, 后面的名词动词都用复数。

Both the answers are right .

2).both of ….

Both of us are students .

3).both …and…

Both you and she are right .

5. either/ either …or

1).either “两者当中任何一个”,后有of 时接名词的复数形式,无of时接单数名词,动词用单数形式。

You may wear either of the hats.

2).either …or… “不是……就是……,或者

……或者…….”动词与临近的主语保持一致。即 “就近原则”.

Either you or he has to go = Either he or you have to go .

6. neither /neither …nor…

1).neither “两者当中都不”,后有of 时接名词的复数形式,无of时接单数名词,动词用单数形式。

Neither of the answers is right .

2).neither ….nor… “既不…….也不……”动词与临近的主语保持一致。即 “就近原则”.

Neither you nor I am right .= Neither I nor you are right .

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