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并列连词or的用法

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2021-03-19

英语中,表示选择关系的并列连词主要有or和either...or。其中or作为连词,也是有多种不同的含义和用法。

1、表示选择,意为“或”“还是”,例如:

Is the radio off or on?

无线电关上了还是开着的?

Would you prefer tea or coffee?

你喜欢茶还是咖啡?

Is he asleep or awake?

他睡着了还是醒着?

Are you going to America by boat or by air?

你到美国是坐船还是坐飞机?

You may go or stay, according as you decide.

是去是留由你自己决定。

Are you from North China or South China?

你是华北人还是华南人?

You can come now or you can meet us there later.

你可以现在来,也可以稍晚和我们在那里碰头。

2、表示一种否定的条件,意为“否则”,例如:

Come on, or we'll be late.

快点,否则我们要迟到了。

Hurry up, or you'll be late for school.

赶快,否则你上学就要迟到了。www.yingyuyufa.com

Dress warmly, or else you'll catch cold.

穿暖和点,否则你会感冒的。

Be careful, or you'll break that vase!

小心,否则你会把那花瓶打碎!

Cross the road very carefully. Look both ways, or you might be knocked down.

过马路要非常小心,要看两边,不然会被车撞倒。

3、用于否定句,提出两种或多种事物时,表示“也不”,例如:

I don't like tea or coffee.

我不喜欢喝茶,也不喜欢喝咖啡。

He was not clever or good-looking.

他不聪明,也长得不好看。

比较:

They sang and danced.

他们既唱歌又跳舞。

They didn't sing or dance.

他们既没有唱歌也没有跳舞。

4、用于表示“大约”,例如:

There are seven or eight people in front of us.

我们前面有七八个人。(用于两个数字间表示“大约”)

The man in rags is sixty years old or so.

那个衣衫褴褛的男子大约有六十岁/六十岁左右。(or so 有“大约”的意思)

It cost me $100 or so to buy this book.

这本书大约花了我100美元。(or so 有“大约”的意思)

5、用于引出解释性词语,表示“或者说”,例如:

He likes geology, or the science of the earth's crust.

他喜欢地质学,或者说地壳的科学。

6、用于引出对比概念,例如:

He was lying-or was he?

他在说谎,还是没有说谎?

7、or some---和some--- or other表示对人(somebody)、事(something)、地点(somewhere)不太确定,例如:

---Who told you the story? 这个故事是谁告诉你的?

---Somebody or other. I can't remember. 某个人吧,我记不得了。

8、一些含or的固定结构,例如:

It's now or never, so make up your mind.

机不可失,下决心吧。(now or never 勿失良机)

The work is more or less finished.

工作大体上完成了。(more or less或多或少)

They consist of 1700 or more tribes.

他们由1700个或更多部族构成。

There's just one or two details I want to make sure about.

还有一两个细节我想弄清楚。(one or to 一两个)

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1) for 判断改错: (错) For he is ill, he is absent today. (对) He is absent today, for he is ill. for是并列连词,不能置于含两个并列分句的句子的句首,只能将其放在两个分句中间。 2) s...[阅读全文]

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