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介词 out of 和outside 的用法

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2016-12-20

有些及物动词可以有两个宾语,一个指人,一个指物,前者叫作间接宾语;后者叫作直接宾语。用法如下:

1、直接宾语可由名词代词数词、不定式充当。间接宾语是指动词的行为所指向的人。间接宾语由名词或宾格代词充当。间接宾语一般放在直接宾语之前,但有时当直接宾语比间接宾语短得多时,或当我们特别强调间接宾语时。

E.g:

Remember to write us a letter please. 请记着给我们写信。

I will return the book to you tomorrow. 我明天还你书。

Fetch a chair for me, will you? 给我取一把椅子好吗?

2、当间接宾语为人称代词,同时直接宾语也是人称代词时,也将间接宾语放在直接宾语之后。

E.g:

I have found the book and give it to her.

我找到了那本书,并给了她。

3、间接宾语只能用在某些动词的后面,常见的这类动词有:

give, show, send, bring, offer, read, pass, lend, leave, hand, tell, return,

write, pay, point, play, save, spare, order, sing, find等。

E.g:

The teacher gave us a lot of homework.

= The teacher gave a lot of homework to us.

老师留给我们很多作业。

 

He bought flowers for his girlfriend.out of 和outside 的用法

1. out of:

l)从……(出来):

He got out of his car.

他走下车来。

Is she out of hospital yet?

她出院了吗?

She brought something out of her bag.

她从口袋里拿出一样东西。

2)向外面,在外面:

Bedelia looked out of the window.

贝迪丽亚向窗外望望。

We like to eat out of doors in summer.

夏天我们喜欢在户外吃饭。

It was good just to be out of doors.

单是在户外就很愉快。

3)从(接近from):

He watched the country out of the window.

他从窗口眺望田野。

They couldn't get a word out of her.

他们从她口里一句话也得不到。

It was made out of ivory.

这是用象牙做的。

4)出于,由于:

They have done that out of concern for us.

出于关心我们他们才这样做。

We did that out of gratitude to you.

我们由于感激你才这样做。

He did it out of curiosity.

他这样做是出于好奇。

5)离开,不在……里面:

She is already out of danger.

她己脱离危险。

Put that out of your mind.

不要想它了。

Out of sight, out of mind.

眼不见,心不烦。(谚)

6)(out of作表语)用完,没有:

She was out of funds.

她的钱用完了。

He quickly realized he was out of ammunition.

他很快明白他的子弹用完了。

Clementine is out of work.

克列门苔现在失业了。

2. outside 在……外面:

They left the car outside the main entrance.

他们把车停在大门外边了。

Outside the window it was a charming morning.

窗外是迷人的早晨。

She has never been outside the city.

她从未出过城。

= He bought his girlfriend flowers. 他给女友买花。

He threw the ball to me, and I caught it.

= He threw me the ball, and I caught it.

他把球扔给我,我接住了。

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