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具有连接作用的副词

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2018-01-14

besides 此外

I am too tired to go; besides, it's too late.

我很累不能去,此外,天色也晚了。

hence 因此

My mother is by herself; hence I must go home now.

我妈妈独自一人在家,因此我现在必须回去了。

meanwhile 与此同时

Mother went shopping; meanwhile I cleaned the house.

母亲去购物,与此同时我打扫房间。

moreover 此外

Bicycling is good exercise; moreover, it won't pollute the air.

骑自行车是一种很好的运动,此外,还不污染空气。

then 此外,还有

I was there; then there were my mother and father.

我在那儿,此外,我的爸爸妈妈也在那儿。

therefore 因此

I think; therefore I am.

我思故我在。

thus 因此

It's late, and thus you must go.

天晚了,因此你必须走。

下面来看几个连接副词在作副词和连词时的区别:

However

however 作副词时,可位于形容词/副词之前:

You couldn't earn much, however hard you worked.

无论你干得多卖力,你都挣不了多少钱。

however 作连词时通常意为“但是”,可位于它所引导的从句之前或之后,或位于第一个词或短语之后:

I'll offer it to Tom. However, he may not want it. / He may not want it however. / Tom, however, may not want it.

我将提出把这个给汤姆,然而他可能不要它。

但提到两句意义相反的话时, however意为“但是/仍然/同样”:

They hadn't trained hard, however ( / but / nevertheless / all the same) they won.

他们并没有刻苦训练,但/无论如何/仍然/同样获胜了。

Otherwise

otherwise 作为副词时常常位于动词之后:

It must be used in a well-ventilated room. Used otherwise it could be harmful.

必须在通风条件好的房间里使用。如不这样使用则可能是有害的。

otherwise 作连词时意为“要是不/否则”:

We must be early; otherwise we won't get a seat.

我们得早点去,否则我们就没有座位了。

在英语口语中,这里也可用or:

We must be early or(else)we won't get a seat.

我们得早点去,否则我们就没有座位了。

So

so 作程度副词,位于形容词/副词之前:

It was so hot that...

天气太热了,因而……

They ran so fast that...

他们骑得太快了,因而……

so 作连词时位于它所引导的从句之前:

Our cases were heavy, so we took a taxi.

我们的箱子太重了,所以我们要了辆出租车。

Still & Yet

still 和 yet 可作时间副词:

The children are still up. They haven't had supper yet.

孩子们还没上床睡觉/醒着。他们还没吃晚饭呢。

still 和 yet 作连词时位于它们所引导的从句之前。still 意为“虽承认某事/尽管如此”;yet 意为“不管,不顾/同样/尽管如此”。

It's raining; still I'd like to go.

天下着雨,尽管如此,我还是要去的。

They are ugly and expensive; yet people buy them.

它们既难看又昂贵,但人们还是买。

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