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never与ever的用法对比

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2016-05-04

一、never的用法  

1. never主要与肯定动词连用而不与否定动词连用。一般情况下它意为“从未有过”:  

Some people are never satisfied. 有些人从不满足。  

I was never very good at maths. 我在数学方面从来就不很好。  

A clever politician never promises too much. 聪明的政治家从不过多地许诺。  

Have you met Marilyn. I've never met her. 你见到过玛里琳吗? 我从未见到过她。  

2. never+肯定动词有时可以替代一个普通的否定动词:  

I waited but he never turned up. 我等着,可他根本没有来。  

3. never+疑问动词可表示说话人对于未能做到某事而感到惊讶:  

Has he never been to Japan? I'm surprised, because his wife is Japanese. 他从没去过日本吗?我感到很惊讶,因为他妻子是日本人。  

二、ever的用法  

1. ever意为“在任何时间”,主要用于疑问句中:  

Have you ever been a teacher? 你当过教师吗?  

Have you ever seen a gorilla? 你看到过大猩猩吗?  

Have you ever seen any film like that? 你看过这样的电影吗?   

Have you ever heard a pop song sung in Japanese? 你听见过有人用日语唱流行歌吗?  

2. ever可与否定动词连用,特别是在与复合时态连用时,可代替never+肯定动词:  

I don't ever want [never want] to see you again. 我永远不想再见到你了。  

He doesn't ever complain.=He never complains. 他从来不抱怨。  

I promise you, he won't ever [will never] trouble you again! 我向你保证,他绝不会再打扰你了!  

3. ever+肯定动词可以用于比较中,也可以和表示假定和怀疑的词连用:  

I don't suppose he ever writes to his mother. 我想他没有给他母亲写过信。

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