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关系副词where的用法归纳

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2021-08-22

关系副词when主要用于修饰表示地点的名词,同时它在定语从句中用作时间状语。如:

This is the village where he was born. 这就是他出生的村子。

That's the hotel where we were staying last summer. 这就是我们去年夏天住的旅馆。

Barbary was working in Aubury, where she went daily in a bus. 巴巴拉在奥伯里工作,每天得坐公共汽车去上班。

与前面when的情况一样,注意不要一见到先行词为地点名词,就以为一定要用关系副词where来引导定语从句,同时还要看它在定语从句中充当什么成分——如果在定语从句中用作地点状语,就用where;如果在定语从句中不是用作时间状语,而是用作主语或宾语,那就不能用where,而要用that, which等。如:

He works in a factory that [which] makes TV sets. 他在一家电视机厂工作。

关系代词that / which在定语从句中用作主语。

另外注意,where有时还可用于抽象名词后引导定语从句。如:

We have reached a point where a change is needed. 我们到了必须改一改的地步。

There are cases where the word “mighty” is used as an adverb. 在一些情况下,mighty一词可用作副词。

He got into a situation where it is hard to decide what is right and wrong. 他陷入一种难以分辨是非的局面。

I don't want a job where I'm chained to a desk all day. 我不想找一份整天坐办公桌前的工作。

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