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一般动词的过去时

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2019-10-06

一般动词过去时的基本句型如下:
肯定句:主语+动词的过去式~.
否定句:主语+did not +动词原形~.
疑问句:Did+主语+动词原形~?

(动词过去式的构成详见第六章)
He played tennis last week.(肯定句)
他上周打网球了。
He did not play tennis last week.(否定句)
上周他没打网球。
Did he play tennis last week?(疑问句)
上周他打网球了吗?


1) 一般动词过去时的肯定句

We had a good time yesterday.
昨天我们过得很高兴。
He had a good time yesterday.
昨天他过得很高兴。
一般过去时没有人称和数的变化。因此主语即使是单数、第三人称,也和其他人称一样变化。
I watched TV for an hour.
我看了一个小时的电视。
She studied Russian two years ago.
两年前她学俄语。
We said good-bye to Li Ming at five.
五点钟时,我们和李明说过再见了。
必背!
注意不规则动词。务必熟记下述动词的原形和过去式:
read [T!:D]__read [T-D]           say[K-!]__said[K-D]       know ___knew
Put__ Put                                  go__ went                    get __got
have__ had                               see __saw                    take __took
do__ did                                   come__ came


2) 一般动词过去时的否定句

We did not have a good time yesterday.
昨天我们过得不好。
He did not do his homework.
他没做作业。
一般动词过去时的否定句的结构和一般现在时否定句的结构一样,不论主语是第几人称,还是单、复数,在主语后面加上did not(而不是do not,或does not)就可以了。
注意
didn't后的动词,一定要用动词原形。
否定式did not常用缩写形式didn't,读作[>D!DQC]
didn't后的动词,一定要用动词原形。
He didn't have Classes this morning.
今天上午他没课。
You didn't do your best to do it.
你没有尽力去做。


3) 一般动词过去时的疑问句

Did he go there?他去那儿了吗?
Yes,he did.(No,he didn't.)是的,他去了。(不,他没去。)
When did you get up this morning?At six.
今天早晨你几点钟起床的?六点钟。
一般动词过去时一般疑问句的结构和一般现在时一般疑问句的结构一样,无论主语是第几人称,是单、数,在主语前面加上Did即可。
Did Tom go with you?汤姆和你一起去吗?
Yes,he did.是的。
No,he didn't.不,不是的。
How many subjects did you study last term?
上学期你们学习几门课?
We studied seven.我们学习七门课。
比较
一般动词的现在时和过去时的比较’以go为例。

句型 时态 一般现在时 一般过去时
肯定句 I go ~.
He goes ~.
I went ~.
He went ~.
否定句 I don't go ~.
He doesn't go ~.
I didn't go ~.
He didn't go ~.
疑问句 Do you go ~.?
Does he go ~?
Did you go ~?
Did he go ~?
 

 

 

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