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常见双谓语错误句型

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2019-10-06

英语中一个简单句只能出现一个谓语动词,因为谓语必须由动词担任,但动词不一定作谓语,不少同学因受汉语习惯影响将非谓语动词作谓语使用,造成双谓语错误句型。常见双谓语错误句型误用句型如下:

一、误用定语性动作作谓语

例 站在那儿的学生来自北京。

(误) The student stood there came from Beijing.

(正)The student standing there came from Beijing.

(正)The student who stood there came from Beijing.

析:“站在那儿”属定语性动作,修饰名词“学生”,因此属误用。

二、误用宾语性动作作谓语

不少同学不能根据谓语成分成立条件,误用谓语动词表达宾语性动作,造成双谓语错误句型。

例 她说她将明确拒绝给予他帮助。

(误)She said she would refuse clearly help him.

(正)She said she would refuse clearly to help him.

析:“帮助他” 属宾语性动作,不能作谓语动词help him表达,应用不定式to help him表达。

三、误用表语性动作作谓语

例 我的人生目标是在一切领域取得成绩。

(误)My life aim is make achievements in everything.

(正)My life aim is to make / making achievements in everything.

析:“在一切领域取得成绩”属表语性动作,不能用谓语动词make achievements in everything表达,应用动词不定式to make achievements in everything或动名词making achievements in everything表达。

四、误用状语性动作作谓语

例 他手里拿着一本书走进教室。

(误)He came into the room, held a book in his hand.

(正)He came into the room, holding a book in his hand.

析:“手里拿着一本书”属伴随状语,因此不能用谓语动词held表达,应用现在分词holding表达。

五、“有……人做某事”句型的误用

表“有……人做某事”时,不少学生没有考虑到“做某事”已为谓语动词,又使用there be句型,造成双谓语错误句型。

例 今天有二十个学生迟到。

(误)There are twenty students are late today.

(正)Twenty students are late today.

(正)There are twenty students who are late today.

析:“有”与“迟到”均属动词,不能同时使用。

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