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状语的构成及状语成分的替代类型

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2019-03-19

状语可以由下面这些词或词组表示:

1.副词

What you said is only partly true.

你的话只部分地对。

She will write to you shortly.

她不久将给你写信。

 

2.介词短语:

Thank you for bringing it.

谢谢你帮我带来了。

She helped us out of kindness.

她帮助我们是出于好心。

 

3.不定式(短语):

I've come to say goodbye to you.

我是来和你道别的。

I'm pleased to have made your acquaintance.

认识了你我很高兴。

 

4.分词(短语):

They were busy earning a living.

他们都为生活奔忙。

My garden is small compared with yours.

和你的花园比我的花园是很小的。

 

5.形容词

Now she was back,eager to see her friends.

现在她回来了,非常期待见到她的朋友们。

 

6.词组:

She jumped ten feet.她跳了十英尺远。

 

7.复合结构(独立结构):

That being the case,we'11 have to reconsider the whole thing.

情况既然如此,我们就得重新考虑整个这件事。

 

8.从句:

Strong as he was,he couldn't lift it.

尽管他很健壮,却把它提不起来。

有时也可用名词作状语:

We have been sitting here hours waiting for you.

我们在这里坐了好几个钟头等你。

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