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不定式及其短语在句子中用作定语

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2019-03-19

1.不定式(短语)作定语的时候很多,特别是在某些句型中:

Do you have anything more to say?

你还有什么话要说吗?

She wanted to get something to read.

她想找点书看。

He was the first person to think of the idea.

他是第一个产生这个想法的人。

There's nothing to be worried about.

没有什么事值得发愁。

We need someone to help with the typing.

我们需要人帮助打字。

She's a nice person to work with.

她是一个好共事的人。

 

2.有些名词后常可跟不定式作定语:

It's time to start spring sowing.

现在已是开始春播的时候了。

That's the best way to solve the problem.

这是解决这问题的最好办法。

This will be a good opportunity to exchange experience.

这将是交流经验的好机会。

You have no right to talk like that.

你没有权利这样讲话。

I'd like to have a chance to see more of him.

我愿意有机会多见见他。

 

3.有些动词形容词后面常跟不定武,它们的同源名词也常跟不定式作定语:

You haven't kept your promise to write us regularly.

你没有遵守经常给我们寄信的诺言。(比较:Yon promised to...)

She made no attempt to take a medical degree.

她没有企图拿医学学位。

We could see her anxiety to settle the thing herself.

我们看得出她很想自己来解决这个问题。(比较:She was anxious to)

His eagerness to go with us was obvious.

他显然想和我们一道去。

 

4.有些不定式(短语)可作定语,相当于一个定语从句

Perhaps in years to come (=which are to come) we shall meet again

或许在未来的岁月中我们还会见面。

You are invited to a party(which is)to be held on Wednesday in our club.

邀请你参加星期三在俱乐部举行的晚会。

还有带关系代词的不定式短语用作定语:

It was a bad season in which to have outings.

这是一个不适合郊游的季节。

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