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动词不规则变化表及记忆口诀

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2019-03-13

一、规则动词的过去式由“动词原形+-ed”构成,具体变化有:

1. 直接在词尾加-ed。如:

clean—cleaned ,need—needed, stay—stayed

want—wanted, work—worked,

2. 以不发音的e结尾的在词尾加-d。

如:live—lived, like—liked, move—moved , use—used,

3. 以一个元音字母加一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,先双写结尾的辅音字母,再加-ed。

如:prefer–preferred ,occur – occurred

stop—stopped, trap—trapped,

plan— planned, admit –admitted ,

4. 以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,先把y变成i,再加-ed。

如:copy – copied ,carry—carried ,study—studied, , hurry—hurried, marry—married

二、不规则动词变化,大体上归纳如下:

1. 某些以t结尾的词,过去式与原形相同。

如: cut-cut-cut let-let-let hit-hit-hit put-put-put cost-cost-cost hurt-hurt-hurt

2. 以end结尾的词,把d变成t。如:bend—bent—bent, lend—lent—lent, send—sent—sent, spend—spent- spent

3. 某些以n结尾的词,在词后加t。如:mean—meant, burn—burnt, learn—learnt

4. eep结尾的去掉一个e在词尾加t,

如:keep—kept – kept , sleep—slept- slept, sweep – swept – swept; feel—felt – felt

5. eed或eet结尾的去掉一个e

bleed – bled – bled 流血,feed – fed – fed 喂 meet – met – met 见 speed—sped–sped

6. 单词中有a 则aught,无a则ought:

teach – taught – taught ; catch – caught – caught 口诀记忆:教书被抓

think – thought ;bring – brought – brought , buy—bought ; fight – fought 口诀记忆:想带来买(个)打架

A——B——C型

(1)其元音字母变化为i→a→u

1.drink drank drunk (喝) 2. begin began begun (开始)

3.swim swam swum (游泳)4. ring rang rung (铃响)

(2)其元音字母变为i→o→变为en结尾 口诀:升起驾驶骑车写字

1.rise rose risen (升)2. drive drove driven (驾驶)

3.ride(骑)—rode—ridden, 4. write(写)—wrote—written

(3)把中间的元音字母都变为o→变为en结尾 口诀:偷盗醒来结冰打破选择说忘记

break(打破)—broke—broken, choose(选择)—chose—chosen, freeze(结冰)—froze—frozen,

speak(说)—spoke—spoken, forget(忘记)—forgot—forgotten,

steal(偷盗)—stole—stolen, wake(醒来)—woke—woken

(3)其词尾变化为ow(aw)→ew→own(awn) 口诀: 长大后画画知道扔吹飞

1.grow grew grown (成长)2. draw drew drawn (拖;拉)

2.knowknewknown (知道) 4. throw threw thrown (扔)

blow(刮风)—blew—blown, throw(投)—threw—thrown, fly(飞)—flew—flown。

过去式在元音字母上变化,而过去分词在原形的基础上加n

eat—ate– eaten ; give –gave –given; forbid –forbade—forbidden;

see—saw– seen; shake—shook–shaken take– took–taken

口诀:规则的撒谎,不规则的躺,躺过就下蛋,下蛋不规则。(3个单词)

lie (撒谎、说谎)—lied —lied ;lie(躺/平放/位于)—lay—lain ;lay (放置,产卵,下蛋)—laid —laid

一、将下列动词变成过去式。

look_______ watch_______ like______ hope______ decide______ plan______ stop_______

carry______ study______ play______ stay______ let______ put_______ read_______

catch _____ teach_____ buy______ bring______ think ______ sit_____ write______

drive_______ ring______ sink____run______ give_______ win _______ know ______

grow______ throw_______ draw _____ show_____ feel______ sleep_______ keep_____

sweep_____ meet_______

一般过去时的练习 I.用所给的动词的适当形式填空。

⒈He _____(visit) the Great Wall last year.

2.We________(have) a good time yesterday.

3.We often _______(go) to school by bus last year.

4.I ________(live)in the village when I was a child.

5.Mike______(see) a big tiger in the nature park last year.

6.Sam_____ (do) the housework yesterday.

7.______(do) you _______(enjoy) yourself yesterday?

8.______(do)you _________(play) the violin in the artroom yesterday? No, I didn't. I_____(draw)some pictures there.

9. I ______ (eat) a big pizza yesterday.

10.There____ (be) many sheep on the farm last year.

11.I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.

12.Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.

13.We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)

14.______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?

15.______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.

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