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通常与such搭配的词语有哪些

作者: admin来源: 网络文章 时间: 2019-10-30

1. 表示“那样的”“这样的”,与 no, any, some, all, few, many, each, every, several, other, another, one, two 等词语连用,应置于其后,但是与不定冠词连用时,要置于其前。如:

All such books are useful. 这些书都很有用。

There's no such thing as ghosts. 没有鬼这样的东西。

One such dictionary is enough. 这样的词典一本就够了。

There had been many such occasions. 曾有许多这种情况。

He couldn't afford to pay such a price. 他出不起这样的价钱。

注意,受no such修饰的名词无需再用冠词:

没有免费的午餐。

误:There is no such a thing as a free lunch.

正:There is no such thing as a free lunch.

2. 在“such+名词”之前,可用 some, all, many等修饰,但通常不用 some of, many of, all of 等修饰。如:

所有这些可能性都必须考虑。

正:All such possibilities must be considered.

误:All of such possibilities must be considered.

3. 用于 such as:表示举例或列举,意为“像这样的”“诸如此类的”“例如”等,用来引出同位语,通常应放在所修饰的名词之后。如:

Don't do anything silly such as marry him. 不要做什么蠢事,比如说去嫁给他。

There are few poets such as Keats and Shelly. 像济慈和雪莱这样的诗人现在很少了。

4. 比较such…as与such…that:

(1) such…as中的as是关系代词,用以引导定语从句,在句中充当主语或宾语等,而 such…that 中的that只起引导词的作用,用以引导结果状语。如:

我从未听过他讲那样的故事。

正:I've never heard such stories as he tells.

误:I've never heard such stories that he tells.

这石头那么重,我搬不动。

正:It's such a heavy stone that I can't move it.

误:It's such a heavy stone as I can't move it.

比较两句:

He is such a good teacher as we all respect. 他是一位我们大家都尊敬的好老师。(as引导的是定语从句,as 在该定语从句用作 respect 的宾语)

He is such a good teacher that we all respect him. 他是那样一位好老师,以至于我们大家都尊敬他。(that 引导的是结果状语从句,that 在该状语从句中不充当句子成分,另外注意句中的 respect 带有宾语 him)

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